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Carmichael Numbers (Updated 2/21/2016)
02-16-2016, 02:05 PM (This post was last modified: 02-21-2016 04:17 PM by Eddie W. Shore.)
Post: #1
Carmichael Numbers (Updated 2/21/2016)
Blog entry: http://edspi31415.blogspot.com/2016/02/h...mbers.html

Program (Updated 2/21/2016: I was mistaken on the definition of squarefree integers, the program is now corrected.)

Code:
EXPORT ISCARMICHAEL(n)
BEGIN
// EWS 2016-02-21
// Thanks: Hank
LOCAL l1,s,flag,k;
LOCAL vect;
flag:=0;

// composite test
IF isprime(n)==1 THEN
RETURN 0; KILL;
END;

// setup
vect:=ifactors(n);
l1:=SIZE(vect);
s:=l1(1);


// square-free number test
FOR k FROM 2 TO s STEP 2 DO
IF vect(k)>1
THEN
flag:=1; BREAK;
END;
END;

// factor test

FOR k FROM 1 TO s STEP 2 DO
IF FP((n-1)/(vect(k)-1))≠0
THEN
flag:=1; BREAK;
END;
END;

// final result
IF flag==0 THEN
RETURN 1;
ELSE
RETURN 0;
END;

END;

The commands isprime and ifactors are generated from the CAS-Integer (Options 6 then 1 for isprime; option 3 for ifactors) submenu. However, I think in order for this program to work properly, the “CAS.” must be deleted and the command should be in all-lowercase.


Introduction

An integer n is a Carmichael number (1910) when the following holds:

a^n ≡ a mod n

(or for a>0 and n>0)

a^n – integer(a^n/n) * n = a

For all integers a.

The program ISCARMICHAEL tests whether an integer n qualifies as a Carmichael number based on the Korselt’s Criterion:

1. n is a positive, composite integer. That is, n can be factored into a multiplication of prime numbers.
2. n is square-free.
3. For each prime factor p dividing n (not 1 or n), the following is true: (p-1) divides (n-1) evenly (without fraction).
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