Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50

05162015, 05:46 PM
(This post was last modified: 05162015 05:46 PM by cdecastro.)
Post: #1




Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
I have a couple of questions relating to graphing and differentiating functions defined by an integral.
First, when I define y1(x)=int(1,x, 2*t, t) y2(x)=int(1,x^2, 2*t, t) I can perform evaluations.i.e. y1(2) and y2(2), of both functions but am not able to graph y2(x); the grapher reports a "Bad Argument" to the integration method for y2(x). Additionally if I define y3(x) = diff(y1(x),x), nothing appears when graphed. While I can certainly perform the differentiation prior to defining y3, I wondered why the grapher cannot deal with this issue. With regard to integration, things are trickier if the integrand does not have an antiderivative expressible in elementary terms. Is there a builtin numerical integration method I can call explicitly? Thanks in advance for your assistance. Chris 

05162015, 09:53 PM
Post: #2




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
(05162015 05:46 PM)cdecastro Wrote: I have a couple of questions relating to graphing and differentiating functions defined by an integral. Are you actually using "int"? This function only takes three arguments. Using the integral sign works for me for your y2 function. 

05162015, 10:26 PM
(This post was last modified: 05172015 01:41 AM by cdecastro.)
Post: #3




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
I entered all the integrals using the equation writer so the 50g produced the expressions I gave. I'll try entring them with 3 parameters.
Follow up...I tried entering y2(x) = s(1,x^2,2*t,t) into the graphing window (s is the integral sign) using equation writer as previously stated...still get the "bad argument" error when I attempt to plot it. Evaluation works fine. 

05172015, 05:31 AM
Post: #4




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
Hello,
I suppose the integral procedure works in the graphic enviroment only numerical. As the upper boundary is a real or integer expected and not an expression or function. For a workaround, any idea? Sincerely peacecalc 

05172015, 10:55 AM
(This post was last modified: 05172015 02:37 PM by peacecalc.)
Post: #5




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
The workaround is easy:
You define the EDIT: program instead of function (that is a very important difference! see above PP): \[ B(X) = \int_{1}^{X^2} 2 \cdot T dT \] and then you add in the PLOTFUNCTION aera the line: Y1(X) = B(X) and let DRAW the function B(X), but beware it takes long. Sincerely peacecalc EDIT: PP: program for this problem: Stored in 'B': Code:
S means integral sign. It is a tricky code mixing up RPN and ALG mode but it works. And really astonishing: It seems to be function with one variable but that is not true, the output is always the expression itself: \[\int_{1}^{X^2} 2 \cdot T dT \] 

05172015, 02:50 PM
(This post was last modified: 05172015 04:15 PM by peacecalc.)
Post: #6




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
Last explorations:
The defined function Y1(x) = B(X). If you input a numerical or a symbolic value to the stack you and press Y1 you get the answer: \[ \int_{1}^{X^2} 2 \cdot T dT _{X=Value} \] and this expression can be calculated obviously in the graphic enviroment. I tried this also with an nonintegrable expression like: \[ \int_{1}^{X^2} e^{ T^2} dT \] and it works, too! The mode of the calculator was set on "exact" and wasn't change after drawing the graph. 

05172015, 08:47 PM
(This post was last modified: 05172015 08:49 PM by C.Ret.)
Post: #7




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
Isn't it just possible to ask the HP50g to draw y1(x) = x^21 and y2(x)=x^41 ?


05172015, 09:02 PM
Post: #8




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
Hello C.Ret,
of course it is, when there exist the antiderivative in a closed form (and you are able to find it (it is allowed to use the Hp 50g in finding it)). My last example in the sixth post shows the interesting case when you are able to write the integral function only in the integral and not in a closed form. The first examples with easy integrals are only for showing the where the problem for the drawing enviroment is. In that view your post sounds rhetorical and little bit patronizing. Sincerely peacecalc 

05172015, 10:50 PM
(This post was last modified: 05172015 10:55 PM by cdecastro.)
Post: #9




RE: Plotting a function defined by an integral on HP50
I appreciate the replies. I teach Calculus and spend a great deal of time exploring functions defined by integrals, rather than equivalent closed form expressions (when they exist), in an effort to build a deeper understanding of the process of integration and, more specifically, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
As an expository approach, I explore the process of integration geometrically first before saying ANYTHING about any connection to the process of differentiation (if you tell students that integration is simply a process that in some sense "reverses" the process of differentiation  you totally remove the WOW in discovering this beautiful connection. ) Appreciatively, Chris 

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