sqrt question
04-09-2017, 03:59 AM (This post was last modified: 04-09-2017 04:01 AM by Claudio L..)
Post: #14
 Claudio L. Senior Member Posts: 1,840 Joined: Dec 2013
RE: sqrt question
(04-07-2017 10:54 PM)Han Wrote:  Is this due to the sqrt() function, though? This seems like a consequence of assuming factorization properties of 1 and -1 that may not still hold true for complex numbers.

The factorization properties hold true for complex numbers. The problem is more about the interaction between the sqrt() function and its argument because of mapping to the principal branch.
For example:

sqrt(1) = 1
sqrt( (-1)*(-1) ) = sqrt(-1)*sqrt(-1) = i*i = -1

What happened here? we replaced 1 (in polar coordinates, its argument is zero), with two numbers with an argument of 180 degrees. The multiplication of these 2 numbers (-1) would give you an argument of 360 degrees. The convention for sqrt is to halve the argument, so the result of sqrt(1*exp(i*2pi)) is 1*exp(i*pi) = -1
while sqrt(1*exp(i*0)) = 1*exp(i*0) = 1

Now the value 1*exp(i*2pi) should've been reduced to 1*exp(i*0) prior to performing the sqrt(). However, when you distribute the sqrt doing sqrt(-1)*sqrt(-1), you are not allowing that reduction to take place. Both arguments of 180 degree get halved, then added together by the multiplication resulting in 180 degree again (hence the negative result).

So this is a consequence that 1 = (-1)*(-1), while mathematically true and correct, gets treated differently by the sqrt() when you split it. But there's nothing wrong, the result is correct, just that you've been pushed to the other solution. There's no way around it that I know of.
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 Messages In This Thread sqrt question - KeithB - 04-06-2017, 03:25 PM RE: sqrt question - pier4r - 04-06-2017, 04:01 PM RE: sqrt question - Namir - 04-06-2017, 04:02 PM RE: sqrt question - KeithB - 04-06-2017, 04:51 PM RE: sqrt question - Han - 04-06-2017, 05:46 PM RE: sqrt question - pier4r - 04-06-2017, 05:15 PM RE: sqrt question - KeithB - 04-06-2017, 06:03 PM RE: sqrt question - Han - 04-06-2017, 06:18 PM RE: sqrt question - Claudio L. - 04-07-2017, 01:23 PM RE: sqrt question - Han - 04-07-2017, 04:48 PM RE: sqrt question - Claudio L. - 04-07-2017, 09:15 PM RE: sqrt question - Han - 04-07-2017, 10:54 PM RE: sqrt question - Claudio L. - 04-09-2017 03:59 AM RE: sqrt question - David Hayden - 04-24-2017, 09:36 PM RE: sqrt question - Claudio L. - 04-26-2017, 03:08 AM RE: sqrt question - Han - 04-28-2017, 06:09 PM RE: sqrt question - nsg - 04-07-2017, 11:34 PM RE: sqrt question - Vtile - 04-09-2017, 10:41 AM RE: sqrt question - nsg - 04-09-2017, 05:26 PM RE: sqrt question - Vtile - 04-09-2017, 11:07 PM RE: sqrt question - nsg - 04-10-2017, 01:44 AM RE: sqrt question - Vtile - 04-25-2017, 11:38 PM

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