(71B) Amortization of a Loan
12-14-2019, 02:46 PM
Post: #1
 Eddie W. Shore Senior Member Posts: 1,236 Joined: Dec 2013
(71B) Amortization of a Loan

Introduction

The program AMORT calculates:

* The monthly payment of a loan.
* An amortization table where the year's interest and principal is calculated.
* The amount of the final payment based on the balance.

Assumptions:

* Payments are made at the end of the month.
* The payment and the amount of interest calculated at each month are rounded to the nearest two decimal places. Not every one in finance follows this practice, so you mileage may very.

HP 71B Program: AMORT
Code:
 100 FIX 2 105 INPUT "LOAN $";L 110 INPUT "RATE? ";I 115 I=I/1200 120 INPUT "TERM? ";T 125 N=12*T 130 U=(1-(1+I)^(-N))/I 135 P=L/U 140 P=IP(100*P+.5)/100 145 DISP "PAYMENT=$";P 150 PAUSE 155 B=L 200 FOR Y=1 TO T 205 S=0 210 C=0 215 FOR K=1 TO 12 220 E=IP(100*B*I+.5)/100 225 S=S+E 230 A=P-E 235 C=C+A 240 B=B-A 245 NEXT K 255 DISP "YEAR ";Y @ PAUSE 265 DISP CHR$(28);"INT=$";S @ PAUSE 275 DISP CHR$(28);"PRN=$";C @ PAUSE 285 DISP "BALANCE= $";B @ PAUSE 295 NEXT Y 310 W=P+B 315 DISP "LAST PMT=$";W @PAUSE 320 STD

Notes:

* There is no rounding command in the HP 71B's programming language. Lines 140 and 220 has a formula for rounding results to two decimal places:

IP(100*n+.5)/100

* STD is floating point display mode (standard)

* CHR$(28) prints the capital Sigma character, "Σ" Examples Example 1: Loan:$35,000.00
Rate: 5.8%
Term: 5 years

Payment: $673.40 Year 1: Interest:$1,866.54, Principal: $6,214.26, Balance:$28,785.74
Year 2: Interest: $1,496.37, Principal:$6,584.43, Balance: $22,201.31 Year 3: Interest:$1,104.14, Principal: $6,976.66, Balance:$15,224.65
Year 4: Interest: $688.59, Principal:$7,392.21, Balance: $7,832.44 Year 5: Interest:$248.25, Principal: $7,832.55, Balance: -$0.11
Final Payment: $673.29 Example 2: Loan:$76,000.00
Rate: 4%
Term: 6 years

Payment: $1,189.03 Year 1: Interest:$2,831.83, Principal: $11,436.53, Balance:$64,563.47
Year 2: Interest: $2,365.89, Principal:$11,902.47, Balance: $52,661.00 Year 3: Interest:$1,880.98, Principal: $12,387.38, Balance:$40,273.62
Year 4: Interest: $1,376.30, Principal:$12,892.06, Balance: $27,381.56 Year 5: Interest:$851.04, Principal: $13,417.32, Balance:$13,964.24
Year 6: Interest: $304.41, Principal:$13,963.95, Balance: $0.29 Final Payment:$1,189.32
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