# HP Forums

Full Version: (HP 41) Encryption of messages
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This program allows to encrypt and decrypt messages.

Application:
At the beginning you are asked for the starting value of the random number generator: SEED?
Take any number between 0 and 1.
The same number has to be used for encryption and decryption.
Then you are asked whether you want to encrypt or to decrypt ENC=1 DEC=2?
Put in 1 for encryption, 2 for decryption.
Then you are asked for a character. You can use any of the following 44 characters:
[Space] * + , - . / : 0 to 9 A to Z.
Only characters are used that can be easily accessed by the keyboard.
After putting in the character and pressing R/S you are shown the encrypted (or decrypted) character and you can input the next character and press R/S

Example: We want to encrypt and decrypt the following phrase: THE CALCULATOR FORUM
XEQ alpha CRYP alpha
-> SEED? We take Pi – 3: PI 3 – R/S
-> ENC = 1 DEC = 2? We want to encrypt, therefore: 1 R/S
-> CHAR? -> T R/S -> K (K is the encryption for T at that place). Next letter overwrites the encryption.
-> H R/S -> N -> E R/S -> / -> (Space) R/S -> D …

The whole phrase encrypted as follows:
KN/DFC/03J1*.71T6T2R

Note that the same character is transformed to different encrypted characters like the first A from Calculator to C and the second to 1. Note that as well the same character in the encrypted phrase can be different characters in the not encrypted phrase like the first “/” stands for E and the second for L. Furthermore space is coded as well so that length of words cannot be used to decipher.

Decryption:
XEQ alpha CRYP alpha
-> SEED? To decrypt we have to take the same number: PI 3 – R/S
-> ENC = 1 DEC = 2? We want to decrypt, therefore:2 R/S
-> CHAR? We type K (the first letter of the encrypted phrase) R/S -> T (the first letter of the not encrypted phrase) -> N R/S -> E -> / R/S -> (space) …

Note: If no character is shown this stands for space.
Method:
For every character a random number generator is used to encrypt it. So the meaning of a character is position sensitive.
The random number generator is in lines 28-32. It has the form: r(n) = Frac(9821*r(n-1)+0.211327).
It was taken from the HP Standard Programs Book for the HP 34C.

Enjoy!

Code:
``` 01 LBL alpha CRYP alpha 02 Alpha SEED? Alpha 03 PROMPT 04 STO 00 05 Alpha ENC=1 DEC=2? Alpha 06 PROMPT 07 STO 01 08 AON 09 Alpha CHAR? Alpha 10 PROMPT 11 LBL 00 12 ATOX 13 31 14 - 15 1 16 X<>Y 17 X<=Y? 18 GTO 03 19 9 20 - 21 18 22 X<>Y 23 X<=Y? 24 GTO 03 25 6 26 - 27 LBL 03 28 RCL 00 29 9821 30 * 31 .211327 32 + 33 FRC 34 STO 00 35 44 36 * 37 1 38 + 39 INT 40 XEQ IND 01 41 31 42 + 43 32 44 X<>Y 45 X<=Y? 46 GTO 04 47 9 48 + 49 58 50 X<>Y 51 X<=Y? 52 GTO 04 53 6 54 + 55 LBL04 56 XTOA 57 STOP 58 GTO 00 59 LBL 01 60 + 61 44 62 X<>Y 63 X<=Y? 64 RTN 65 X<>Y 66 - 67 RTN 68 LBL 02 69 - 70 X>0? 71 RTN 72 44 73 + 74 RTN 75 END```
Reference URL's
• HP Forums: https://www.hpmuseum.org/forum/index.php
• :